CONTROL TACTICS IN INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT
Bug Lady posted this on Oct 11, 2016
In our quest to take charge in the world of DIY pest control and remain environmentally friendly, we are investigating the DIY pest controllers role and use of Integrated Pest Management, which is “…the practice of preventing or suppressing damaging populations of insect pests by application of the comprehensive and coordinated integration of multiple control tactics.” (Radcliffe’s IPM World Textbook)
The last step in IPM is the actual techniques used to manage our pest control problem. It is defined as follows.
Control tactics: The three available methods of control tactics can be distinguished as follows: cultural, biological, and chemical controls. Our first steps should include cultural and biological, with our last alternative being chemical controls.
If we continue with our previous example of home flea infestation control using IPM, we can further break down
our address of this issue as follows. Our first step should include cultural (and physical) control methods of control. What exactly does that mean? Well, what it means is what steps can be taken that do not include chemicals or biological control. For a home flea infestation, and many others pest problems, that would mean sanitation. For example, consistent vacuuming of carpet, drapes, and furniture. Removing the vacuumed flea eggs and disposing of them in a sealed bag so that they cannot move back into your home. Also, washing pillows, pet bedding, and stuffed animals in hot water is another type of sanitation based “cultural” method of control. Controlling the food source for your flea infestation should be addressed as well, which means regular checking and bathing of your pet. If you do not have a pet, then you should be investigating what the alternate source of infestation might be.
Next we would look at our options for biological control methods for our IPM protocol. That can be defined as control methods that are biological in their nature and do not have any toxicity for ourselves or our environment. For a flea infestation, biological control methods could employ the help of predatory nematodes that eat flea larvae or a mechanical option would be a flea trap that could be purchased from a DIY pest control supplier. The key to IPM is that, singularly, these
control tactics might not work. But when used in conjunction with each other, you are able to decrease the overall pest population and need for excessive and ongoing chemical use.
Florel 20galWhen reviewing chemical control tactics, we should refer back to our last article about choosing those that leave the least imprint on our biology and our environment. We can look into “green” citrus based products. Another low toxicity option is the insect growth regulator products that are now readily available to the DIY pest controller.
Visit, https://insects.tamu.edu/extension/publications/results_all.cfm , forLOADS of great downloadable pest control publications