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Termites and How to Identify and Kill Them

Subterranean termites are social insects that live in colonies consisting of many individuals Other species of social insects have workers, termites are unique among insects in that workers can be male or female. All Termites are social insects and raise their young as a group. Subterranean termites are ground-inhabiting. Termites live in nests or colonies in the soil and require moisture to survive.

Subterranean Termites

Description Subterranean termites are social insects that live in colonies within the ground and they have specialized castes to perform specific colony functions. A caste of hundreds of thousands Termites where populations can reach more than one million.

Detection of Termites and also proper identification is important for homeowners to recognize the signs of a subterranean termite infestation. Formosan subterranean termite colonies are, on average, larger than colonies of native Reticulitermes subterranean termites and therefore can be much more destructive. Unlike their subterranean termite cousins, drywood termites do not need contact with soil moisture and can live in beams, attics and can make them very difficult to control. Subterranean termites have three primary needs: food anything made of cellulose (i.e. wood, paper, sheet rock.)

Subterranean termites may be detected by the presence of winged reproductives, mud tubes, and wood damage. Termites will build a mud tube to lessen the effect of air currents and reduce attack from ants. These termites travel through earthen (mud) tubes to reach food sources above the soil (ground) surface.Homeowners should walk perimeter of home to identify if they can locate any mud tubes.

Drywood termites

Drywood termites are social insects that live in colonies in sound, dry wood.Drywood termites are common on most continents and can survive in very dry conditions, even in dead wood in deserts, they do not require moisture to survive. In Utah, it is fairly common to find termites in firewood piles and old dead wood stumps. In nature, termites are considered beneficial as they convert dead wood and other materials containing cellulose into humus.

Formosan Subterranean Termites

Formosan subterranean termites attack the bases of poles, old tree stumps, or other wood in contact with soil. They have causes billions of dollars of damage. Instead of chewing through the concrete, Formosan subterranean termites are uncanny in finding small cracks in concrete that they use as foraging routes. Cracks in bricks, slab foundations can be promising locations for entry. Formosan subterranean termites can produce tightly packed, massive carton nests.

Winged Ants

Winged termites are often confused with winged ants “allates”. For this reason it is necessary to know the differences between winged termites and winged ants, winged ants will have a waist line and termites will not. Please finds images and details on our free advice page. The presence of winged termites or their shed wings inside a home should be a warning of a termite infestation and homeowners should spend the time to try and locate the entry points or mud tubes. This typically is early spring or fall when termites are trying to start new colonies.

Termite Damage

Termite damage to the woodssurface is often not evident because termites excavate galleries within materials as they feed. Americans spend more than $5 billion every year treating for termites and repairing termite damage. Also, homeowners sometimes get confused about what is water damage and what is termite damage, since water and termites are often related. Knowing the right things tolook for and having a DIY pest professional store like epestsolutions will help you take care of your pest control needs like a professional.

Chemical Barrier

Traditional standard termite chemical barrier treatments for Subterranean (ground) termites are designed to prevent them from entering the structure. Two types of chemicals are available repellant and non repellant. Termidor are non repellant types of chemicals, the termites will continue to move thru the area and come in contact with the barrier, causing colony elimination. Repellant chemicals will cause avoidance of the area. A chemical barrier can prevent termites from reaching wooden structures as they tunnel through the soil. If the soil around the home is disturbed, it can affect the chemical barrier and allow access for termites.

For more information and products to control Termites in your home, please contact one of our Termite Specialists.

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