Soil Treatment Methods For Termites
How To Kill Termites
Please refer to the label and MSDS for each pesticide or termiticide. You should follow label recommendations before using any pesticide or Termiticide product. We are only providing how to recommendation for termite treatment methods, but all termiticides come with their own individual mixture and application techniques that can be located on their label.
What is a Chemical Barrier Treatment and How Does It Work?
A liquid Chemical Barrier for controlling termites works by killing or repelling the subterranean termites. The termites are killed when entering the structure or killed when leaving the structure to return to the colony. There are specific termiticides that are considered a repellent chemical such as Masterline Permethrin or Talstar. Termites will stay away from the chemical because they have a sense for it and it repels them away from the treated area.
The tendency of repellent chemicals is to repel termites away from a structures. Bifenthrin, Demon TC, Talstar and CYper TC are examples of repellent chemicals. Repellent chemicals are primarily used in preconstruction treatments, preventative treatments and where fast control of subterranean termites is desired.
The newest chemicals available are non-repellent for liquid chemical barrier they are designed to be totally non-repellent to subterranean termites. Some examples of non-repellent chemicals are Imidacloprid registered as Premise Termiticide, Fipronyl registered as Termidor and Chlorfenapyr product called Phantom. Termites cannot sense the chemical barrier and will continue to move about in the chemical. For soil treatments when you have active termites a non-repellent chemical will work best. It is also great to use in spot treatment applications.
How to Apply a Chemical Barrier For Termites?
For Termite infestations that are simple you will not need expensive equipment. When you are treating an outside foundation and also Pier and Beam structures, you will find most termiticides are labeled and have specific instructions on how to treat the soil around the foundation for a chemical barrier. Bifenthrin, Talstar, and Masterline Permethrin, are great repellent types of termiticides. Termidor is the number 1 selling termiticide in the country and is non repellent as is Premise Termiticide.
You will want to dig a small trench around your outside perimeter of the foundation. For Pier and Beam structures requiring trenching around the exterior and interior foundation wall, anywhere there is soil contact, you will also want to trench around the plumbing on pier and beam homes. Use a spade or shovel to dig a trench by dragging it along your foundation wall to make a shallow trench 3-6 inches deep. After Treatment you will use the soil you removed for replacement back into the trench, so simply place it off to side. The normal rate of application in a trench is around 4 gallons of termiticide per 10 linear feet or about 1/2 gallon per foot.
We recommend using a 5 gallon bucket to mix the termiticide so that it can be applied 4-5 gallons at a time into the trench and/or drill holes. Mix your recommended termiticide in the 5 gallon bucket filling it up to 4 gallons, walk off 10 linear feet and fill the trench with the solution of water and termiticide. This method is very useful in many situations and perfect for the do it.
Patios, Porches, Floating Slabs, Concrete Expansions:
Please read your Termiticide labels as they will have specific instructions on how to perform treatments for cement or slab foundations.
Your local hardware store usually rents out hammer drills. The standard drill bit is a carbide coated tip drill – standard size is 1/2″ wide by 18″ long. Follow all rental instructions when using the Hammer drill. You may also want to rent a GIF interruptor. Ask the rental store for recommendations.
You can use the same 5 gallon bucket, but you will want to mark off 2 gallons so that it can be applied 1-2 gallons at a time into the drill holes. This is a perfect job for the do it yourselfer.
You will want a long plastic funnel (1.5 – 2.0 feet) for inserting into drill holes (1/2″ or larger) and dispersing the termiticide below porches, patios, garages, slab foundations, etc. Rate of application in holes drilled is about 1 gallon of termiticide per hole (holes drilled every 12″). Mix any termiticide in a 2-5 gallon bucket and pour it through the funnel. This will take some time for the chemical to penetrate the hole but be patient, remember how much money you are saving by doing yourself.
You will want to wear the appropriate safety equipment, Rubber gloves and goggles and long sleeves and long pants or a Tyvek suit.
There are 2 products for refilling the concrete holes after you have completed your termite treatment. Trebor plugs are plastic plugs that fit into the concrete opening, make for easy removal if you have to retreat in 5 years or so. You can also use a small amount of cement or sand mix mixed in a small bowl with water. This works perfectly for patching holes drilled in cement etc. Most local hardware stores sell concrete patch.
BoraCare and Tim-bor by Nissus corp are both sodium borate treatments that are odorless, natural and will kill termites and will last the life of the wood. No other treatments to that wood will be necessary, this will also be effective on any wood destroying insects, such as beetles, and carpenter ants. BoraCare is a wood preservative and can be used on wood that is unpainted or unvarnished.
For Spot treating termite activity with a termiticide we recommend Termidor, and Premise.
Bait the termite colony with a baiting system.
For Outside Perimeter Termite Baiting Advance Termite System
Premise Foam and Phantom Foam both work well for killing existing termites in walls. Using Tim-bor or Bora care for wood treatment, when the unfinished wood is exposed or being replaced is ideal in this situation.
Premise Foam or Phantom Foam are both excellent tools for applying chemicals into wall voids and other areas where drilling through the cement patio or foundation is too difficult or inappropriate. You can use a 3/8″ drill bit and drill in between wall studs about 4-6 inches from the floor. Premise foam and Phantom foam make it easy to apply a termiticide into a wall void. These are ready to use products that contain a foaming agent and insecticide together, similar to fix a flat, these products will expand to fill wall void with 6″ layer of foam to penetrate studs, woodwork, etc, and kill termites on contact.
ePestSolutions, recommends that after you have controlled your termite problem with a spot treatment you should install termite monitors. Advance termite system is the top system used by professional pest control companies. Installing a termite Colony Baiting System can be easily done with Advance Termite Baiting System. Performing both a spot treatment for termites and also installing termite monitors is your best option for total termite elimination.