See also:Rodent Control Solutions
This is a simple and easy to understand guide to help any homeowner determine what is being heard moving around in your attic and crawl spaces, whether roof rats, Norway rats, or the house mouse. Good information and easy to implement solutions for all your rodent needs.
The Norway rat has an average body weight of 10 to 17 oz, often well over a pound!!; The body is heavy and broad, usually between 7" and 10"; The head is long and has a blunt nose; The Norway rat tail is usually about 6 inches long, and is never as long as the body; The ears are typically small and held tightly against the body; The color is brown to black on the back and sides, and gray to yellow on the belly. Droppings are blunt and have an average length of 3/4 of an inch
The Norway Rat prefers to feed on meats, fish, flour, fruits, vegetables...meaning it will eat almost any human consumed food!!! The Norway Rats will consume about 1 oz of food per day and about ¾ of an oz of water, and produce anywhere from 30 to 180 droppings; there are from 6 - 18 pups in a litter, and 3 7 liters per year; adults live about 18 months.
The Norway rat usually nests in basements & lower portions of buildings. They quite often burrow in the soil and have extensive runs. The Norway rat is active primarily at night; They are fair climbers but good swimmers; Rats are suspicious of changes in the environment or new foods, for this reason it may take a couple of days for traps or poison baits to take. Rats are nocturnal, with their peak activity at dusk or before dawn. When the population is large or they are disturbed or hungry, you can see activity during the day.
The Roof Rat average body weight is 6 to 12 oz, and has a long slender body, usually 6 to 8 inches in length; the nose is pointed compared to the Norway Rat and the ears are large and very prominently displayed; The tail is long and uniform in color, and can usually reach the tip of its nose; The color is black on the back and grayish white on the underside.
Droppings are pointed and average 1/2" in length.
The roof rat typically eats seed, fruits, vegetables, and grains and eggs; the roof rat will consume about an oz of food and an oz of water each day, producing 30 to 180 droppings per day; There are 6 14 pups in a litter, and 3 7 liters per year; adults live about 18 months.
Roof Rats usually enter and nest in upper portions of buildings. They can nest outside in trees, especially in palms and ivy; They rarely burrow and are excellent climbers; Very active at night; Rats are suspicious of changes in the environment or new foods, for this reason it may take a couple of days for traps or poison baits to take. Rats are nocturnal, with their peak activity at dusk or before dawn. When the population is large or they are disturbed or hungry, you can see activity during the day.