Biology: White-footed ants are found in Florida, Hawaii and isolated areas of California. This species may be spread to other warm southern regions of the United States on infested goods and plants.
White-footed ants nest in a variety of locations, and colonies can contain one million or more adults.
These ants like to nest in dead wood, but will also invade and short out air conditioners. They nest in piles of lumber, firewood, stones, bricks, trash and heavy vegetation at foundations or in trees. Indoors, they nest in wall voids, potted plants and atriums.
A single colony can encompass many sites, both close by and far away from a single nest.
These extended colonies exchange workers, brood and food.
White-footed ants establish well-defined, easy-to-find foraging trails outside infested buildings.
Trails commonly follow edges of sidewalks, edges of brick buildings, ledges and soffit corners.
Foragers often move into buildings from trees and shrubs touching walls or roofs.
Once inside, workers forage along baseboards above and below carpet edges.
Food Preferences: White-footed ants prefer sweets. Outdoors, they feed on honeydew and tend aphids, mealybugs and scales. Trophallaxis (cross feeding) has not been observed in this species. Because of this, baiting programs will not be effective as a stand-alone management program.
Control Recommendations: Complete elimination of established white-footed ant infestations is difficult. Regular inspections and/or treatments are necessary for control. Cultural controls (sanitation, harborage elimination and exclusion) or chemical control that eliminates honeydew sources should be considered.
Nest sites/characteristics: Indoors, nests may be located where water damage has occurred, in decayed or damp wood or inside insulating wall panels and wall voids. Outdoors, acrobat ants nest under rocks or in logs, firewood or trees where decay allows them to tunnel under bark or into wood.
Workers trail along tree limbs, utility lines and rails of fences and decks, entering structures through cracks and holes around utility lines or pipes, window frames and soffits. Workers also trail across the ground and enter through door thresholds and small openings. Acrobat ants are aggressive when disturbed and give off a strong odor.
Feeding Preferences: Acrobat ants eat a wide variety of foods, including sweets and proteins. Workers like honeydew from sap-sucking insects (aphids, mealybugs, scale insects). These ants also prey on termite alates and immature stages of cotton boll weevil, grape curculio and codling moth.
Nest sites/characteristics: Most Big Headed ants form small (200- to 300-member) colonies, but colonies of some species contain thousands of ants and multiple queens. Big-headed ants enter buildings occasionally, preferring to nest in protected soil (such as under stones, leaf litter, mulch, patio blocks, slabs, firewood and landscape timbers). Some nest in open areas where they make small mounds, or in crawl spaces in termite-damaged wood.
Big-headed ants trail readily, but usually not far from their nest. Their foraging trails are sometimes covered with soil, resembling subterranean termite foraging tubes.
Feeding Preferences: Big-headed ants prefer seeds and insects but will occasionally feed on honeydew from sap-sucking insects. Inside, they forage for meats, grease, liver, molasses, peanut butter, pet foods and fruit juices, preferring high-protein foods.
Control: Find and eliminate colonies in or around the structure.
Biology: Colonies of little black ants are small and contain many queens. If disturbed, colonies will readily move to other locations. Winged reproductives appear from June to August. Indoors, little black ants nest in woodwork, decaying wood and masonry. Outside nests are found in the soil under rocks, logs or debris. Nests may also be found in landscape mulch and in open areas of lawns where nests are characterized by small craters of very fine soil. A common location for outdoor nests is directly adjacent to building foundations. These ants forage in trails commonly seen on foundation walls and along sidewalks.
Feeding Preferences: Little black ants are most commonly observed foraging on sugar sources such as insect honeydew and plant nectars. Indoors, little black ants may feed on grease, oil, meats, fruits, vegetable material such as corn meal, and sweets. Outdoors, they eat other insects, honeydew and sap secretions.
Nest sites/characteristics: Colonies average 3,000-4,000 ants with several queens. Pavement ants normally nest in soil; however, they occasionally nest indoors in walls, insulation and under floors. Colonies will move near a heat source in winter. Pavement ants often follow pipes through slabs to access buildings. Outdoors, these ants nest in soil under stones, slabs, next to buildings and in pavement cracks. They enter through cracks in slabs, expansion joints and natural openings of buildings. Pavement ants like to travel under the edges of carpet next to the tack strip. To inspect or treat this area, carefully lift the carpet a small section at a time, then press down firmly to replace the carpet. Soil nests may have a characteristic "dirt crater" around the opening. Pavement ants forage up to 30 feet in trails.
Feeding Preferences: Pavement ants are opportunistic feeders that will "swarm" on foods that appear within their foraging range and are therefore easily controlled with bait. Indoors, pavement ants feed on meats, nuts, cheese, honey, bread crumbs, meats and grease. Pet food bowls are common foraging sites for pavement ants. Outdoors, this ant feeds on insects, honeydew, seeds and plant sap.
Control: Locate nest by following ants back from their food source.
Nest sites/characteristics: Pharaoh ant colonies range in size from several hundred thousand workers and several hundred reproductive females to very small colonies with 100 workers and one or two females. These ants nest almost anywhere, but prefer warm, humid areas near sources of food and water-in wall voids, behind baseboards, in furniture, under floors and between linens. In southern regions, colonies can exist outdoors. Workers range widely from the nest and establish visible trails to food and water sources. Pharaoh ants commonly use electrical and telephone wires, plumbing and other utility lines as trail routes. Outdoors, these ants nest in debris collected on flat roofs, entering and exiting via poorly caulked or defective windows, under flashing and through weep holes.
Feeding Preferences: Pharaoh ants have a wide preference of foods, from syrups to fruits, sweets, meats, pet foods and dead insects. Pharaoh ants have a high daily water requirement. Workers forage for water just as aggressively as for food. They will "harvest" water from unusual sources, such as aquariums, pet dishes, condensation on plumbing fixtures and windows, refrigerator condensation pans, air conditioners and house plants. In health care facilities, Pharaoh ants have been known to forage on the wounds of immobile patients or residents.
Control: Using contact insecticides will cause Pharaoh ant colonies to bud, scatter and reform as several new smaller colonies.
Nest sites/characteristics: Fire ants are pests of the southern United States. Native fire ants rarely become structural pests. The red imported fire ant (RIFA) and black imported fire ant have spread to more than 13 southern and western states and continue to expand their range. These ants cause serious medical, agricultural and property damage. The RIFA is very aggressive and will sting repeatedly, especially when their colony/mound is disturbed.
Fire ants typically nest outdoors in sunny areas of exposed soil or lawns. If untreated, fire ant infestations may reach 30-100 single-queen mounds per acre, containing up to 80,000 ants. Over time, colonies may "link," creating supercolonies of up to 250,000 ants. Mounds are rounded and range from a few inches to several feet across. Each mound has several tunnels just under the soil surface extending out several feet. After rain, nests in sandy soil are rebuilt with sponge-like surfaces. When disturbed, fire ant workers pour out of their mound and aggressively attack the offender.
Colonies generally have their own territories. They forage in established trails. Red imported fire ants will sometimes nest in areas of exposed soil within buildings (e.g., bath traps). They also build outside nests adjacent to foundation walls and slabs. Fire ants are attracted to electrical junction boxes and air conditioners. They also nest in gas and water meter boxes and follow pipes into the building.
Feeding Preferences: Red imported fire ants prefer high-protein foods, but will feed on almost any plant or animal matter
Control: TopChoice applied as a broadcast treatment will control fire ants for up to one year. Knockdown may take several weeks, so early-season application (November-February) is recommended. In-season (when mounds are active), a combination treatment of TopChoice and Maxforce FC Fire Ant Bait or Maxforce Granular Insect Bait provides fast knockdown and long-term control.
Nest sites/characteristics: Thief ant colonies are relatively small and contain a few hundred to several thousand workers with many queens. Thief ants commonly nest close to other species of ants. Flights of swarmers begin in June and end in late fall. Indoors, thief ants nest in small crevices, woodwork and masonry. These ants forage in set trails. Their behavior is similar to Pharaoh ants. Outdoor nests are found in exposed soil or under objects, in trash, rotten wood and tree cavities. Thief ants commonly enter structures during hot, dry weather.
Feeding Preferences: Thief ants prefer high-protein foods, but will feed on sweets. They feed on meats, bread crumbs, fruit, animal fats, oils, nuts, pet foods and dairy products. Outdoors, thief ants feed on almost any organic matter, including insects, honeydew, seeds and germinating seeds.
Control: Locate thief ant nests. Follow the trail of foraging workers back from their food source. Inspect for other ant species that thief ants may be raiding.
Carpenter ants can be difficult to control, the information provided is to help you get rid of and control your carpenter ant problems
Moderately sized mature colonies contain more than 3,000 workers with one queen per colony (colonies may contain satellite nests that consist of workers, larvae and pupae; together with the main colony, the total population may exceed 15,000)..
Carpenter ants that enter the home are black and can vary in length from 1/4 to 3/4 inch. Unlike termites, all carpenter ants have narrow (or constricted) waists (they have a waistline) and elbowed (bent) antennae.
Carpenter ants enter buildings around door and window frames, through eaves, along plumbing and utility lines, and over branches touching the structure
Carpenter ants are social insects, similar to termites and they form large colonies.
Nests usually originate in moist, decayed wood and voids and may later expand into sound wood.
Look for coarse sawdust piles (frass) hat contain insect body parts and listen for the sound produced as workers chew to remove wood to enlarge the nest.
Outside, nests are commonly found in dead or damaged portions of trees, rotting logs and stumps.
Carpenter ants forage alone or along trails 300 or more feet from the nest.
"Trunk trails" between parent and satellite nests are clear of vegetation and debris, typically cutting across lawns.
Peak foraging occurs at night.
Carpenter ants feed primarily on insect honeydew, plant and fruit juices and insects. Indoors, they feed on food debris, including sweets, eggs, meats, cakes, pet foods and grease.
Also pay attention to areas where steady moisture is or has been a problem; firewood stored in an attached garage, next to the foundation, along an outside wall, or in a basement; areas around the plumbing or vent entrances; and trees with branches overhanging the house. These are possible sources of carpenter ant nests.
Sound detection may be helpful in locating a nest. An active colony may make a dry, rustling sound that becomes louder if the colony is disturbed. This sound, thought to be a form of communication, is made with the mandibles (jaws) and is not related to wood chewing.
When trying to detect carpenter ants, tap the suspected area and then press an ear to the surface in order to hear any sound.
If one nest is found, watch for evidence of additional nests. More than one nest may be present in a structure.
Find and directly treat as many nests as possible. Drione and Tempo Dust are good flushing agents when inspecting voids. Check suspicious areas with a probe that will penetrate infested wood. Successful control depends on eliminating the parent colony, which is usually located outdoors.
Crazy ants are noted for their erratic movements and appear to be lost or confused.
Colonies are small, with up to 2,000 workers and 8-40 queens.
The presence of numerous satelite colonies may result in larger infestations.
Inside, crazy ants usually nest under floors and in wall voids, frequently near hot-water pipes and heaters. Workers follow trails of up to 100 feet to forage for food. Crazy ants prefer insects and sweets, but will feed on many household food.
Outside, nests are shallow and in soil under objects or in plant cavities, trees, trash, refuse, mulch and potted plants. Outside, their preferred diet includes insects, seeds, fruits and honeydew from aphids, mealybugs and scale insects. Crazy ants enter homes in the fall or after rain when honeydew supplies are reduced.
Locate the nest by following the trail of foraging workers from their food source. Thoroughly treat each nest with Premise, Tempo or Suspend. In infested interior walls or in the voids of outside ground-floor walls, drill and inject insecticide, such as Drione or Tempo, or inject voids with Premise Foam. Access wall voids via electrical outlets and plumbing installation holes. For perimeter treatments, apply Premise, Tempo, Suspend or DeltaGard G. Use Maxforce baits in combination (gel, granular and stations) to help ensure bait acceptance. Apply bait(s) along foraging trails, near suspected nest sites and in cracks and crevices around the perimeter.
Ghost ant nests are moderate to large with thousands of workers and many queens.
Inside nests are generally located within wall voids, behind baseboards, between cabinets and walls or in potted plant soil. Ghost ants readily enter buildings, usually by trailing from nests along guidelines, such as foundations or via branches. Workers run rapidly and erratically, trailing along edges and corners. Indoor trails are hidden, under carpet edges and along electrical wires in wall voids. Because ghost ants have high moisture needs, they often trail to sinks, wash basins, commodes and shower stalls.
Outside nests are in potted plants, under stones, under and inside logs and firewood, in debris of tree crotches, in cavities of dead trees and shrubs and in hollow cavities of plants.
Ghost ants prefer honeydew and insects, dead and living. Indoors, they prefer sweets and will forage for water sources during dry weather.
Control Recommendations:Inspect indoors and out for nest locations or follow trailing ants to nests. Indoors, look near moisture sources, food sources, carpet edges, shoe moldings, electrical outlets, phone jacks and walls around possible entryways. Outdoors, inspect along foundation walls, patio and sidewalks as well as likely nesting areas. If nests cannot be located, bait with Maxforce FC Ant Killer Bait Gel along trails and around entryways. If ghost ants are feeding on proteins (e.g., dead insects, pet foods), apply granular insect bait along trails or into voids where ants enter. Treat inside nests directly with Premise, Tempo or Suspend. Dusting voids with Drione or Tempo is also effective, as well as injecting voids with Premise Foam. Treat outdoor nests with Premise, Tempo or Suspend. In cases of continual ghost ant invasions from outside, treat the perimeter with a residual spray and broadcast Maxforce Fine Granule Insect Bait outside the spray perimeter.
Odorous house ant colonies may contain up to 100,000 ants with many queens. Super colonies may exist where food, water and brood are exchanged between satellite locations. Indoors, odorous house ants nest in wall voids, especially around hot-water pipes and heaters, and in crevices around sinks and cupboards. Outdoors, nests are often found in soil, usually under objects. Odorous house ants are most likely to enter buildings when colonies become very large and natural food and water sources become scarce and when climate conditions are extreme (drought or flood).
When indoors, odorous house ants prefer sweets during most of the warm season, but will eat high-protein foods and greasy meats and cheese as dictated by colony requirements. Outdoors, they feed on honeydew, plant secretions and sometimes seeds and insects.
Control Recommendations:Locating the nests is crucial. Follow the trail of foraging workers back from their food source. Thoroughly treat exposed colonies using Premise, Tempo or Suspend.